El Teide in the Canary Islands, specifically on the island of Tenerife, measures 3,718 meters above sea level, is the highest peak in Spain and the third largest volcano on earth, the Teide National Park was declared a heritage humanity and nature is the most emblematic monument of the Canary Islands.
Teide National Park is visited by tourists in Spain, Europe and the second most visited park in the world.
As the story goes, believed that the Guanches lived in Teide Guayota malignant figure, who harbored the evil force, which had kidnapped Magec, who was the god of light and the sun, and had him locked in the interior del Teide. The Guanches you asked your Achaman God to release him, and that he got beat Magec getting through the crater, and placed a cap, called the plug you put Achaman sugar loaf, which is the last cone crowning the Teide whitish color, the Guanches called the Teide Echeide which means hell.
150,000 years ago there were eruptions that produced the highlight of the island, it was still higher than a volcano Mount Teide, of which there are several theories of how it disappeared, the first is that this peak is split and slid down the north side of the island to the sea and the second one was a collapse, forming the Cañadas del Teide and our current Teide volcano was formed by successive volcanic eruptions.
El Teide is made virtually basaltic materials and on its surface as salic evolved phonolitic trachytes and, at the base of Teide find White Mountain or Mountain Majua found in the amount of pumice or gravel, the Guanches of the Teide drew materialsedged weapons and build ice caves, also extracted sulfur from the crater.
We found a great diversity of fauna and flora that is adapted to the altitude, such as purple, thistle, boil hutch, mosses, and animals are the long-eared bat, lizard finch Algerian hedgehog, rabbit or sheep etc. ..
The Teide is a shelter called the shelter Altavista Mountain, also has a cable car that ascends from the skirt to the Rambleta in a few minutes. Access to the summit is prohibited even with a special permit may be allowed a visit.
This volcano canary everyone who visits is astonished by his imposing height and its wonderful natural landscapes in winter playground for families and tourists, allowing us to enjoy the snowy landscape.
Mount Teide or, in Spanish, Pico del Teide , is the highest elevation in Spain and the islands of the Atlantic (it is the third largest volcano in the world from its base, after Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea located in Hawaii). It is an active volcano which last erupted in 1909 from the El Chinyero vent on the Santiago (northwestern) rift and is located on Tenerife, Canary Islands. The volcano and its surroundings comprise the Teide National Park (Parque Nacional del Teide in Spanish). The park has an area of 18900 hectares and was named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO on June 29, 2007. Since the end of 2007, it has also been one of the Twelve Treasures of Spain. Midway up the mountain are the telescopes of the Observatorio del Teide. Territorially it belongs, for the most part, to the municipality of La Orotava, including also Icod de los Vinos, Los Realejos, Guía de Isora and ten more.
Teide is the most visited National Park in the Canary Islands and Spain, with a total of 2.8 million visitors, according to the Instituto Canario de Estadística (ISTAC). According to data for 2004, with its 3.5 million visitors annually, this volcanic landscape receives a large number of international visitors, second only to Mount Fuji in Japan. In 2010, Teide became the most visited national park in Europe and second worldwide. Teide is the most famous natural landmark in Tenerife and the Canary Islands.
Teide is a stratovolcano. At 3718 m above sea level, and approximately 7500 m above the floor of the Atlantic Ocean, it is the highest mountain in Spain, highest point in the Atlantic Ocean and the 13th highest mountain in the European Union excluding the Alps. (Note: The actual summit stands 3 metres (10 ft) higher than the triangulation station, and associated bench mark, which has an altitude of 3,715 m (12,188 ft)). The island of Tenerife itself is the third largest volcanic ocean island on Earth by volume. Teide is also the third highest volcano on a volcanic ocean island. It is also unstable and possibly in a more advanced stage of deformation and failure than the much publicised Cumbre Vieja. The United Nations Committee for Disaster Mitigation designated Teide as a Decade Volcano, because of its history of destructive eruptions and its proximity to several large towns, of which the closest are Garachico, Icod de los Vinos and Puerto de la Cruz.